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Islamic World

The terms Muslim World or Islamic World have several meanings. In a cultural sense they refer to the worldwide community of Muslims, adherents of Islam numbering about 1.5 billion people, about one-fifth of the world's population.

The Muslim community spreads across many different nations and ethnic groups connected only by religion. In a historical or geopolitical sense the term usually refers collectively to majority Muslim countries or countries in which Islam dominates politically.

The most densely populated of the 57 member Muslim countries are; Indonesia, Pakistan, Nigeria, and Bangladesh with each more than 100 millions in population and the scarcely populated ones are; Maldives, Brunei, Suriname, Comoros, Bahrain, Guyana, Djibouti and Qatar with less than 1 million in population.

The worldwide Muslim community is also known collectively as the “Ummah”. Islam emphasizes unity and solidarity with fellow Muslims, although many divisions of Islam exist. In the past both Pan-Islamism and Nationalist currents have influenced the status of the Muslim world.

As there is some debate about which countries should be regarded as "Islamic", the common benchmark utilized to that purpose is whether they are or not members of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) an inter-governmental organization with a Permanent Delegation to the United Nations, ranking as the second largest international organization after the UN.

 

 

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